The First Map of Australia 1547
The First Map of Australia - The Vallard Map 1547 - fabricated to impress the British Museum - it failed but survives in the Australian Creation Myth. It is a sumptuous fake - an inverted view of most of The Dauphin Map - the remainder may have preserved actual early 16th century Portuguese mapping.
The Vallard MAP 1547
"First map of Australia from Nicholas Vallard's atlas, 1547, in the Library of Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart. at Middle Hill, 1856" - National Library of Australia Call Number MAP RM 2393 http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-rm2393 - North is at bottom.
The Vallard Inverted & Flipped - North at top
The Vallard is a precise rendition of the Dauphin - real and imaginary features are transposed with great precision. A scale has been added along with the angular compass rose and the Fleur de Lis indicating North with the pimple at the East cardinal identical to those of the 1670 Secret VOC Atlas.